Attributes of Allah: Allah the Glorified has not been born so...
Praise be to Allah to Whom is the return of all creation and the end of all
matters. We render Him praise for the greatness of His generosity, the charity
of His proofs, the increase of His bounty and His favours, - praise which may
fulfil His right, repay His thanks, take (us) near His reward and be productive
of increase in His kindness. We seek His help like one who is hopeful of His
bounty, desirous of His benefit, and confident of His warding off (calamities),
who acknowledges His gifts and is obedient to Him in word and deed.
We believe in Him like him who reposes hope in Him with conviction, inclines
to Him as a believer, humbles himself before Him obediently, believes in His
oneness exclusively, regards Him great, acknowledging His dignity, and seeks
refuge with Him with inclination and exertion.
Allah the Glorified has not been born so that someone could be (His) partner
in glory. Nor has He begotten anyone so as to be inherited from after dying.
Time and period have not preceded Him. Increase and decrease do not occur to
Him. But He has manifested Himself to our understanding through our having observed
His strong control and firm decree.
Among the proofs of His creation is the creation of the skies which are fastened
without pillars and stand without support. He called them and they responded
obediently and humbly without being lazy or loathsome. If they had not acknowledged
His Godhead and obeyed Him He would not have made them the place for His throne,
the abode of His angels and the destination for the rising up of the pure utterances
and the righteous deeds of the creatures.
He has made the stars in the skies by way of signs by which travellers wandering
the various routes of the earth may be guided. The gloom of the dark curtains
of the night does not prevent the flame of their light, nor do the veils of
blackish nights have the power to turn back the light of the moon when it spreads
in the skies. Glory be to Allah from Whom neither the blackness of dark dusk
or of gloomy night (falling) in the low parts of the earth or on high dim mountains
is hidden, nor the thundering of clouds on the horizons of the skies, nor the
sparking of lightning in the clouds, nor the falling of leaves blown away from
their falling places by the winds of hurricanes or by downpour from the sky.
He knows where the drops fall and where they stay, where the grubs leave their
trails or where they drag themselves, what livelihood would suffice the mosquitoes
and what a female bears in its womb.
Praise be to Allah Who exists from before the coming into existence of the
seat, the throne, the sky, the earth, the jinn or human being. He cannot be
perceived by imagination nor measured by understanding. He who begs from Him
does not divert Him (from others), nor does giving away cause Him diminution.
He does not see by means of an eye, nor can He be confined to a place. He cannot
be said to have companions. He does not create with (the help of) limbs. He
cannot be perceived by senses. He cannot be thought of after the people.
It is He who spoke to Musa clearly and showed him His great signs without the use of bodily parts, the organ of speech or the uvula. O' you who exert yourself in describing Allah if you are serious then (first try to) describe Gabriel, Michael or the host of angels who are close (to Allah) in the receptacles of sublimity; but their heads are bent downwards and their wits are perplexed as to how to assign limits (of definition) to the Highest Creator. This is because those things can only be perceived through qualities which have shape and parts and which succumb to death after reaching the end of their times. There is no god but He. He has lighted every darkness with His effulgence and has darkened every light with the darkness (of death).
Nehjul Balagha, Sermon 182