Praise be to Allah who is proof of His existence through His creation, of His
being external through the newness of His creation, and through their mutual
similarities of the fact that nothing is similar to Him. Senses cannot touch
Him and curtains cannot veil Him, because of the difference between the Maker
and the made, the Limiter and the limited and the Sustainer and the sustained.
He is One but not by the first in counting, is Creator but not through activity
or labour, is Hearer but not by means of any physical organ, is Looker but not
by a stretching of eyelids, is Witness but not by nearness, is Distinct but
not by measurement of distance, is Manifest but not by seeing and is Hidden
but not by subtlety (of body).
He is Distinct from things because He overpowers them and exercises might over
them, while things are distinct from Him because of their subjugation to Him
and their turning towards Him.
He who describes Him limits Him. He who limits Him numbers Him. He who numbers
Him rejects His eternity. He who said "how" sought a description for
He who said "where" bounded him. He is the Knower even though there be nothing to be known. He is the Sustainer even though there be nothing to be sustained. He is the Powerful even though there be nothing to be overpowered.
Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 152