Why does Allah use the subject pronoun "we" the Holy Koran?
I was asked by someone as to why in the Quranil Hakeeem sometimes
Allah refers to pronouns 'I' or 'Me', and at other times 'We'.
Can you please explain.
Bismillah al-Rahman al-Raheem
It is proper in the Arabic language to utilize the plural form when
addressing a single person for respect. A common example of that is the
Islamic greeting "Assalamu 'alaikum", which is used even when addressing
a single individual as well as a group.
When Allah (swt) speaks in the Quran and sometimes He says "We",
it is for
GRANDEUR, as in the holy ayas:
"We have, without doubt, sent down the message; and we will
assuredly guard it (from corruption)." [15:9]
"We do relate unto thee that most beautiful of stories, in that we
reveal to thee this (portion of the) Quran: before this, thou too
was among those who knew it not." [12:3]
An example of the use of "I Am", singular, is in these ayas:
"Verily, I am Allah: there is no god but I: so serve thou me
(only), and establish regulal prayer for celebrating my praise."
"O Moses! Verily I am Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise!" [27:9]
It is usually in proximity to the noun Allah, therefore it would be
improper Arabic to say 'We are Allah', because it would, incorrectly,
indicate plurality then!